CUSCO HISTORY: Ollantaytambo Inca City Living in the Sacred Valley of the Incas

This archaeological site stands out not only for its monolithic stone buildings, but to preserve the ancient Inca line.

Ollantaytambo Archaeological Park is a complex that includes a town and monolithic constructions of Inca bill 34 000 800 hectares of land, which is located in the province of Urubamba in the Cusco region, and part of the Sacred Valley .
This is divided into two sectors: the Qosqo Ayllu, or currently inhabited by local people, immigrants and foreigners, and the Araqama Ayllu, where the fortress itself with important buildings of the civilization of Tahuantinsuyo.

Qosqo Ayllu

Attracts attention of scholars, the ancient Inca urban layout preserves this town so far, especially in the area known as Qosqo Ayllu. Here, when one visits it appears that the time had stopped because one is the typical “tennis”, open space like a patio, where once families were carrying out textiles.

In the so-called Qosqo Ayllu can also see stone streets of longitudinal and transverse, water channels and watch silent walls that invite you to discover the steps in a culture that dominated admired waterworks, engineering and architecture such as skilled .

In their planning shows the distribution of spaces for different functions should play an architectural complex, among which urban areas, with its amenities such as streets, plazas, religious sites, liquid distribution element through ornamental fountains , canals, reservoirs, walls, besides the agricultural centers, depots, cemeteries, quarries and others. For this reason, the town of Ollantaytambo, Peru is considered in the World “Living Inca City.”

Araqama Ayllu

The other set is the Araqama urban Ayllu which lies southwest of the town itself. The entrance to the fort itself is conducted by a door-punku Punku name, made of rock and imperial double jamb. There was a ceremonial area that was dedicated to the cult of “Unu” or “Water”, so in this archaeological site are a number of sources. The most noteworthy is the Ñusta Bath, an impressive fountain carved from a single piece of granite.

Here also is the Temple of the Sun, composed of six gigantic rocks, it was under construction at the arrival of the first Spanish in 1534, according to historians.

The Intihuatana of Ollantaytambo is a kind of sundial is located above the Temple of the Sun, near the edge of the precipice, and was used as an astronomical observatory, it is an axis around which the sun sets their positions during the course of the year and proceed with their agriculture.

Complement the archaeological park, agricultural terraces arranged in different heights and articulated with roads, trails, a complex hydraulic system, and tanks on the hill or Qolqas Pinkuyllo.

This important political administrative, religious and seized control was built with the presence of two major rivers like the Vilcanota and Patacancha, the same ones that were important sources of water collecting.

To all this important evidence Prehispanic occupation should be added or Neo Transitional Inca (1532-1570) to what is called the architecture of Manco Inca, son of Huayna Capac, and who from Ollantaytambo and the goal of wanting to recover the imperial throne backed the group led by Hernando Pizarro, winning the battle.

Historian invites us to know while visiting the Archaeological Park Ollantayyambo to continue deciphering its mysteries.

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